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Referencing Style: APA

Psychology students are expected to use APA style for citations and referencing.

UNIC Library has some copies of the 6th edition of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association by American Psychological Association Staff

ISBN: 9781433805615
Publication Date: 2010-01-01

APA Manual



Plagiarism is passing off someone else’s work as your own, without giving credit to the person who produced the work.


How to avoid Plagiarism?

To avoid plagiarism, when given an assignment, you cite references you have found and create a list with these references (reference list) so that whoever reads your work can return to that source at a later date, and read the material themselves.  In this way the reader knows that you have used the ideas of someone else to help you support your own.  Since you are using someone else’s work for your own benefit, you need to refer to that author or work.  It is academically unacceptable and also illegal to present the work of others as your own and the university reserves the right to penalize anyone who steals the work of someone else.

What to avoid:

        • Copying word for word someone else’s work
        • Using a phrase or sentence from someone else without giving the reference
        • Downloading material from the internet and presenting it as your own
        • Paying someone else to do the work for you
        • Copying the work or project of another student

Therefore, you need to make sure that you cite the references to your sources - that is, you give credit to the person who originally came up with the original work or idea.


How to create and manage your references:


There are two ways to create and manage your list of references for your written work:

      1. Manually, in which case you should, while studying, record the details of the sources you find and save them so that you can track them later. Find a method to organize your references, by saving them into a word processing file, or using social bookmarking tools.

      2. Using a bibliographic management tool like RefWorks, which helps create your bibliography by formatting and exporting your references into your document